Life shows no mercy for the weak. Cognizance about everythin has become mandatory to survive. Get a piece of everythin that life has in the offering ! i share all that i know to help others know what i know. we stay together , we survive. welcome to candor corner. know. share. survive. always with candor, Praveen Chandar

Friday, September 21, 2007

AL CAPONE - Episode 1 (Part 2 of 2)

Hi people,

Here is the second part of the first episode featuring the Chicago Crime Czar Al Capone.

Having established himself as the Don in Chicago, he concentrated on expanding his rackets and illegal settlements. At this time, Al became associated with a man that would be his friend for life, Jack Guzik. Incredibly enough, Guzik's large Jewish Orthodox family made their living through prostitution. Closer in lifestyle to Torrio, Guzik was a devoted family man who acted like an older brother to Al. Capone showed his ability to step outside the Italian community as he had in marrying his Irish wife. Now his closest friend was Jewish. Capone's lack of prejudice and ability to create alliances outside of the Italian gangster community would be invaluable in creating his destiny.

Joe Howard, a small-time thug, assaulted Capone's friend Jack Guzik when Guzik turned him down for a loan. Guzik told Capone and Capone tracked Howard down in a bar. Howard had the poor judgment to call Capone a dago pimp and Capone shot Howard dead.

No Witnesses !
William H. McSwiggin, called "the hanging prosecutor," decided to get Capone, but in spite of his diligence he wasn't able to win a conviction, mostly because eyewitnesses suddenly developed faulty memories !!

Capone got away with murder, but the publicity surrounding the case gave him a notoriety that he never had before. He had broken out of the Torrio model of discreet anonymity once and for all. At the age of twenty five after only four years in Chicago, Capone was a force to be reckoned with. Wealthy, powerful, master of the city of Cicero, he became a target for lawmen and rival gangsters alike. He was keenly aware that the next lavish gangster funeral he attended could be his own. The fragile peace that Torrio had constructed with other gangs was blown apart by Prohibition. Gangland murders were reaching epidemic proportions.

Capone went into hiding for three months in the summer. Reputedly some 300 detectives looked for him all over the country, in Canada and even Italy. Those three months in hiding made an indelible mark on Al. He began to see himself as much more than a successful rackeeter. He started to think of himself as a source of pride to the Italian immigrant community, a generous benefactor and important fixer who could help people. His bootlegging operations employed thousands of people, many of whom were poor Italian immigrants. His generosity was becoming legendary in Lansing. Capone had real leadership abilities and was very capable of extending those talents into areas that were beneficial to the community. He seriously thought of retiring from his life of crime and violence.

On July 28, 1926, he returned to Chicago to face the accusations of murder. It turned out to be the right decision because the authorities did not have sufficient evidence to bring him to trial. For all the public uproar and efforts of the law enforcement groups, Al Capone was a free man. The authorities looked impotent.

**Quote :
"Public service is my motto, Ninety percent of the people in Chicago drink and gamble. I've tried to serve them decent liquor and square games. But I'm not appreciated. I'm known all over the world as a millionaire gorilla." **

St. Valentine's Day Assasination :

Al Capone and McGurn, his most trusted general in his enterprise, meticulously planned out a final violent attempt to wipe out Bugs Moran, his only rival left alive. McGurn put together a first rate team of four out-of-towners. He had a bootlegger lure the Moran gang to a garage to buy some very good whiskey at an extremely attractive price. The delivery was to be made at 10:30 A.M. on Thursday, February 14. McGurn's men would be waiting for them, dressed in stolen police uniforms and trench coats as though they were staging a raid. Wanting to be far away from the scene of the crime so he took his girlfriend and checked into a hotel. Establishing an airtight alibi was uppermost in his mind. At the garage, they spotted a man who looked like Bugs Moran . The assassination squad got into their police uniforms and drove over to the garage in their stolen police car. The bootleggers, caught in the act, did what they were told: they lined up against the wall obediently. The four assassins took the bootleggers' guns, and opened fire with two machine guns, a sawed-off shotgun and a .45. The men slumped to the floor dead.

It was a brilliant plan and it was brilliantly executed except for one small detail --the target of the entire plan, Bugs Moran, was not among the men executed. Moran was late to the meeting, seeing the police car pulling up just as he neared the garage. Moran took off, not wanting to be caught up in the raid.

FALL OF CAPONE : ( Spearheaded by Eliot Ness )
Andrew Mellon, the Secretary of the Treasury, was asked to spearhead the government's battle against Capone. Mellon commissioned a two-pronged approach: to get the necessary evidence to prove income tax evasion and to amass enough evidence to prosecute Capone successfully for Prohibition violations. The man charged with gathering the evidence of Prohibition violations --bootlegging --was Eliot Ness, who began to assemble a team of daring young agents like himself. The biggest effort was led by Elmer Irey of the IRS Special Intelligence Unit. After a conference with Torrio and other counterparts in the enterprise to arbitrate gangland disputes and to mitigate violence in the future, Capone went to a movie in Philadelphia. When the movie was over, two detectives were waiting for him. In less than 24 hours Capone was arrested and imprisoned for carrying a concealed weapon. He was packed off first to the Holmesburg County Jail and finally to the Eastern Penitentiary where he stayed until March 1930.

With Al in jail and Ralph, Guzik and Nitti running his business, Ness was given the mission of collecting enough evidence of Capone's bootlegging to convince a grand jury that Capone was violating Prohibition laws as well as evading income tax. Ness had his men tap Ralph's phones continuously. Emboldened by this frontier lawman approach, Ness and his "Untouchables" continued to wiretap and shut down Capone breweries.

In mid-March of 1930, Capone was released from jail, a few months early because of good behavior. Two undercover agents named Malone and Graziano were deployed to infiltrate Capone's organization. Major efforts were made to create false identities for the two men as small-time Brooklyn racketeers. They, after successful infiltration as coupiers in his gambling joints, collected information and evidence about the various fronts from which Capone operated, the police who were on his payroll, their plans to assasinate politicians, government's witnesses and rival gangsters.

Eliot Ness and his Untouchables had impressively documented thousands of Prohibition violations that would be used against Capone if the tax case failed. Ness wanted very much to humiliate Capone publicly as well as to put him in jail. The murder of his one of his friends was the catalyst to a plan to openly embarrass Capone. From his many successful raids on Capone breweries and other liquor operations, Ness had accumulated some forty-five trucks of various types.

The Final Trial :
On October 6, 1931, fourteen detectives escorted Capone to the Federal Court Building. Security was very, very tight. Capone was brought in through a tunnel to a freight elevator. The crime czar was well dressed in a conservative blue serge suit. Capone was indicted with twenty-two counts of tax evasion totalling over $200,000. Capone and sixty-eight members of his gang were charged with some 5,000 separate violations of the Volstead Act, some of them going back to 1922. Capone was facing a possible 34 years in jail if the government completely won its case. On October 17, Johnson gave his final summation to a jury composed of men with firm backgrounds like his own. after nine hours of discussion, the jury completed its deliberation and found Capone guilty of some counts, but not all counts of tax evasion.

The following Saturday, the judge sentenced Capone to eleven years, $50,000 in fines and court costs of another $30,000. Bail was denied and Capone would be led to the Cook County Jail to await eventual removal to a federal penitentiary. Capone left the courtroom putting up a non-chalant countenance. He was infuriated when one of the officials hurled accusations at him, he was restrained by the marshals who had him in custody.

Al spent the last year of his sentence, which had been reduced to six years and five months for a combination of good behavior and work credits, in the hospital section being treated for syphilis. He was released in November of 1939. For his remaining years, Al slowly deteriorated in the quiet splendor of his Palm Island palace until January 25, 1947 when he died of cardiac arrest at age 48, his grieving family surrounding him.

My Last Words About This Man:

In his forty-eight years, Capone had left his mark on the rackets and on Chicago, and more than anyone else he had demonstrated the folly of Prohibition; in the process he also made a fortune. Beyond that, he captured and held the imagination of the American public as few public figures ever do. Capone's fame should have been fleeting, a passing sensation, but instead it lodged permanently in the consciousness of Americans, for whom he redefined the concept of crime into an organized endeavor modeled on corporate enterprise. As he was at pains to point out, many of his crimes were relative; bootlegging was criminal only because a certain set of laws decreed it, and then the laws were changed.

Praveen Chandar.

Thursday, September 20, 2007

GRE UPDATE - September 2007 Quants (updated)

Hi people,

Here is the second half of the database I amassed after intensive conflation from several sources on the net and also from numerous students who appeared for the GRE on and before 20th Sept 2007. I have tried to provide answers for as many questions as possible. And due to repeated requests for more Quants questions for the month of September 2007. Henceforth, I have expedited matters a little, trying to present as many questions as possible, yet managing to not compromise on quality. I thank all the people who have been instrumental in producing this GRE preparation material. Hope you benefit from this pool of information. Keep looking for updates.

Problem Solving :

9. If the radius of a circle is increased by 20% then the area is increased by :
Ans: 44%

10. If 1 cm on a map corresponds to an actual distance of 40 kms. And the distance on the map between Bombay and Calcutta is 37.5 cms., the actual distance between them is : (Values have been changed)
Ans: 1500 Kms.

11. If the area of two circles are in the ratio 169 : 196 then the ratio of their radii is :
Ans: 13:14

12. Two identical taps fill 2/5 of a tank in 20 minutes. When one of the taps goes dry in how many minutes will the remaining one tap fill the rest of the tank ?
Ans: 15 minutes

13. If the value of XYZ Company stock drops from $25 per share to $21 per share, what is the percent of the decrease?
Ans: 16

14. If a building b feet high casts a shadow f feet long, then, at the same time of day, a tree t feet high will cast a shadow how many feet long?
Ans: ft/b (*Several questions have been reported to be of this type)

15. At a certain ice cream parlor, customers can choose among five different ice cream flavors and can choose either a sugar cone or a waffle cone. Considering both ice cream flavor and cone type, how many distinct triple-scoop cones with three different ice cream flavors are available?
Ans: 20

16. What is the greatest value of a positive integer n such that 3n is a factor of 1815?
Ans: 30

17. portion of $7200 is invested at a 4% annual return, while the remainder is invested at a 5% annual return. If the annual income from both portions is the same, what is the total income from the two investments?
Ans: $320

18. At 10 a.m. two trains started traveling toward each other from stations 287 miles apart. They passed each other at 1:30 p.m. the same day. If the average speed of the faster train exceeded the average speed of the slower train by 6 miles per hour, which of the following represents the speed of the faster train, in miles per hour? (Values have been changed)
Ans: 44 (*Questions in this format, involving relative speed, have been reported to appear very rarely. These questions are common in GMAT)

19. If a rectangle's length and width are both doubled, by what percent is the rectangle's area increased?
Ans: 300

20. A rectangular tank 10" by 8" by 4" is filled with water. If all of the water is to be transferred to cube-shaped tanks, each one 3 inches on a side, how many of these smaller tanks are needed?
Ans: 12 (Values have been changed)

21. The sum of the first 100 numbers, 1 to 100 is divisible by :
Ans: 2 only. (The other choices were 2 along with other nos. such as 4 and 8 and one with all three,(i.e) 2,4, and 8)

22. A person starts multiplying consecutive positive integers from 20. How many numbers should he multiply before the will have result that will end with 3 zeroes?
Ans: 6 (10 and 11 were two of the other choices)

23. What is the minimum number of square marbles required to tile a floor of length some X metres Y cm and width Z metres W cm?
Ans: Not sure about the values of X,Y,Z, and W. But this should be a simple calculation.

24. 'A' had to do a multiplication. Instead of taking 35 as one of the multipliers, 'A' took 53. As a result, the product went up by 540. What is the new product?
Ans: 1590

25. How many words can be formed by re-arranging the letters of the word ASCENT such that A and T occupy the first and last position respectively?
Ans: 4 ! (Four factorial)

26. There are 12 yes or no questions. How many ways can these be answered?
Ans: 4096 ways (Appeared 4 times in Sept and August 2007 together)

27. A fort has provisions for 60 days. If after 15 days 500 men strengthen them and the food lasts 40 days longer, how many men are there in the fort?
Ans: 4000 (Values have been assumed)

28. The present ages of A and B are as 6 : 4. Five years ago their ages were in the ratio 5 : 3. Find their present ages.
Ans: 30,20


As of now, I could consolidate only problem solving questions. And you must understand that it is not easy to collect Quantitative Comparison type questions. Not many who have appeared for the GRE were able to recollect the quantities in the two columns. And even if they do, it takes me time to verify them .So kindly put up with the delay. And please remember, do atleast give a cursory reading through the previous month's (August 2007) Quants and Verbal questions Collection. It is important to go through the questions that appeared two months prior to your exam date.

GRE UPDATE- Sept '07 Quants (Part-1)

All the Best.
Keep Looking For Updates.

Praveen Chandar.

Tuesday, September 18, 2007

AL CAPONE - Episode 1 (Part 1 of 2)

Hi people,

So, here goes the first episode of the TOP 5 Bad'Fellas. Please note that the personalities discussed in these episodes are not listed by any rank or rating order, I have just chosen the order arbitrarily. The first notorious personality we'll be discussing today is the man who introduced Organized Crime to America. The man who terrorized America with his rampant corruption in boot-legging and his intricate multi-layered and impossible-to-trace criminal organization powered by the then popular 'Tommy Gun'. We are talking about Chicago's most infamous Mob Boss, the brilliantly brutal Crime Czar, Alphonse Capone, popularly known as Al Capone, and sometimes as 'Scarface'.

Here we go,

PART 1 (of 2) : Al Capone takes over Chicago

One of the most common fictions is that like many gangsters of that era, Al Capone was born in Italy. Absolutely not true. This amazing crime czar was strictly domestic -- taking the feudal Italian criminal society and fashioning it into a modern American criminal enterprise.

Capone's family (before Al was born), one among 43000 others, moved to the U.S in 1894. His father was a barber by trade and could read and write his native language. Along with thousands of other Italians, the Capone family moved to Brooklyn near the Brooklyn Navy Yard. It was a stark beginning in the New World. The neighborhood was virtually a slum, given its proximity to the noisy Navy Yard, its many sailors and the vices that sailors seek when they're off duty. He was the fourth son to his father and the first to be born and conceived in the New World was born January 17, 1899. He was named Alphonse Capone.

Al did quite well in school until the sixth grade when his steady record of B's deteriorated rapidly. At fourteen, he lost his temper at the teacher, she hit him and he hit her back. He was expelled and never went to school again !!

Soon, his family moved from their house on Navy Street to 21 Garfield Place. This move would have a lasting impact on Al because in this new neighborhood he would meet the people who would have the most influence on his future: his wife Mae and the gangster Johnny Torrio.

Despite Al's relationship with the street gangs and Johnny Torrio, there was no indication that Al would choose someday to lead a life of crime. He still lived at home and did what he as expected to do when he quit school: go to work and help support the family. The family was actually doing quite well under Gabriele's (his father's) guidance. He now owned his own barbershop. At this point in his life, nobody would ever have believed that Al would go on to be the criminal czar that he ultimately became. For approximately six years he worked faithfully at exceptionally boring jobs, first at a munitions factory and then as a paper cutter. He was a good boy !! ( And, you elieve that !!?)

How did the soft-spoken dutiful Al Capone metamorphose into the spectacularly successful and violent super gangster? One clear catalyst was the menacing presence of Frankie Yale. He was a both feared and respected. At the opposite end of the spectrum from the peace-loving, "respectable" Johnny Torrio, Frankie Yale built his turf on muscle and aggression. Yale opened a bar on Coney Island called the Harvard Inn and hired, at the recommendation of Johnny Torrio, the eighteen-year-old Al Capone to be his bartender.

Turning Point :

Capone's job at the Harvard Inn was to be the bartender and bouncer and, when necessary, to wait on tables. In his first year, Capone became popular with his boss and the customers. Then his luck turned suddenly when he waited on the table of a young couple. The girl was beautiful and the young Capone was entranced. He leaned over her and said, "Honey, you have a nice ass and I mean that as a compliment." I mean, something of that sort !! The man with her was her brother Frank Gallucio. He jumped to his feet and punched the man who insulted his sister. Capone flew into a rage and Gallucio pulled out a knife to defend himself. He cut Capone's face three times before he grabbed his sister and ran out of the place. While the wounds healed well, the long ugly scars would haunt him forever.

Capone's insult caused a bit of an uproar. Gallucio went to Lucky Luciano with his grievance and Luciano went to Frankie Yale. When it came to Yale's attention, all four men came together and dispensed justice. Capone was forced to apologize to Gallucio. Capone learned something from the experience --to restrain his temper when it was necessary. Yale took Capone under his wing and impressed upon the younger man how business can be built up through brutality.

Al focused on a legitimate career. He stopped working for Frankie Yale and moved to Baltimore where he worked as capable bookkeeper for Peter Aiello's construction firm. When his father died November 14, 1920, of heart disease at the age of fifty-five, the event saw the end of Capone's legitimate career. He resumed his relationship with Johnny Torrio, who had during the intervening years expanded his racketeering empire with the quiet cunning of a visionary. Torrio had abandoned the hotly contested streets of Brookyn for the comparatively open spaces of Chicago. The opportunities were enormous: gambling, brothels, and...illegal alcohol. Torrio beckoned from Chicago and early in 1921 Al accepted. Armed with his knowledge of business and his experience with the brutal Frankie Yale, Capone had a good resume for a career in crime.

It was into this vast criminal enterprise that Torrio brought twenty-two-year-old Al Capone from his honest bookkeeping job in Baltimore. The money and opportunity for advancement was an order of magnitude greater, but the disgrace of managing brothels bothered Al. It was 1921 and Capone had turned his back on respectability forever. With his business acumen, soon Al became Torrio's partner instead of his employee. Al took over as manager of the Four Deuces, Torrio's headquarters in the Levee area. The Four Deuces was a speakeasy, gambling joint and whorehouse all in one.

From then on Capone became the most feared and respected gangster in America, with his rampant corruption and sprawling illegal business fronts and rackets, punctuated more than often with violence ( very much using the TOMMY GUN) which he used as his professional method to move up the ladder of criminal enterprise. Al wiped out all his rivals and took over their businesses one by one. With the Chicago police on his pay roll, Al ruled Chicago with imperial power and terror. Al Capone became the DON.

Part 2 (of 2) will be posted on 20th September 2007.


Praveen Chandar.

Sunday, September 16, 2007

Praveen's -TOP 5 'BAD' FELLAS - a 2week series

Hi fellas out there..

Am gonna blog on some people not many would want to talk about, or even express possession of knowledge about ! I'm talkin' bout the people your teachers would never think of teaching you. About the people your momma would wish you never knew anything about. About the people, on whom if any news appears on television, your elder sibling would 'as-though-very responsibly' switch the channel ! Yeah..! you got me... I'm talking about the BAD GUYS !! About the CRIMINALS, SERIAL KILLERS, GANGSTERS, DRUG LORDS, TERRORISTS, MOB BOSSES and other designations you would never think of mentioning when your high school teacher asked you "What do you want to become when you grow up?" . . . !!

The world has had its share of bad guys, as much as it has had good guys. In fact, it were these bad guys who actually 'made' or 'beckoned' the good guys to light.. or the more popularly known as 'heroes' !! And the bad guys are just stigmatized with a bad imprint on their foreheads and then made oblivious. Cummon people !, I feel they hav'nt been given the due credit they very much deserve, because they very much played a role in creating history ! I am not trying to draw admiration to them, but jus ' trying to show some light on them and also to emphasize on the necessity to be cognizant of their lives and their contribution to making history.

There are three main reasons why we should know about these bad guys:

*1. They teach us what not to do and what not to be, and what happens if you end up like one of them. In short, they practically show you why you should'nt tread the way you should'nt.

*2. You can use them to point your fingers at and say to your kid " That's the bad guy ! "

*3. Behind every Hero , there is a BAD guy ! -Don'cha wanna know who he is ? (Whats the point in learning about the medicine without knowing the infection it actually cures !! You get my point ?!!) I'm sure it'll help you understand the Hero better.

( And please do not juxtapose the third reason with the more popular saying 'behind every successful man, there is a woman' !! That would really earn me a lot of denigration from the women community !!! )

And many people ( the more orthodox ones i mean ) refuse to talk about the bad guys because they think :

"Oh my .. no way !!..What will my girl friend think of me if she knew I'm interested in knowing about Al Capone or Daud Ibrahim or (our very own) Veerappan !! "


Tell you what, it doesn work that way... and know it :
Gals have always liked the bad guys, man !! ;)
And not the geeks and nerds always... !

I hope I have been successful in convincing you to show interest in the bad guys !!
Now that you are in, let me take you through a 5-episode program that will tell you all that you need to know about 5 of the most popular BAD GUYS in the world, with real pictures and quotes made by them (if available). I have researched on these people for over 2 months. Each episode will cover one notorious personality. The five episodes will be covered in a period of two weeks. The episodes will cover a brief history of their birth and childhood, their social background, about the area of CRIME they worked on, their achievements and nefarious activities they practiced, their culture and life-style, the extent of ill-fame they attained and important incidents and movements they strongly influenced.

Candor Studios presents
- Praveen's TOP 5 BAD'FELLAS -
know the color of what you were taught as 'dark'
a FIVE EPISODE program on BLOG
a PRAVEEN CHANDAR presentation
<<September 18th>>
Dont miss it.